The other name of ECZEMA is Atopic dermatitis that means skin inflammation generally or vice a versa.
There are many types of Eczema like Atopic dermatitis, Contact Eczema, Seborrheac Eczema, Nummular Eczema and the list goes on. Childrens up to the age of five years are most vulnerable to the disease. The disease is not infectious but it is seen in people having any other kind of allergic disease in the form of Asthma in the family history. The disease is more likely to be seen in girls than the boys. A number of family members can suffer from the same disease as it is partially inherited.
After years of research till date doctors are not able to know the exact cause of the disease. A defective skin that disrupts the function of the skin acts as a barrier and improper function of the immune system are believed to be the main cause for the disease ECZEMA.
People who suffer from the disease Atopic Dermatitis, gene defects are seen which often creates problems in the secretion of proteins like Filaggrin, which stops the skin to act normally. Some of the other causes for the disease are soaps, cosmetics, ornaments, clothes. Even the climate plays an insignificant role too much humidity or radical changes in the weather can lead up to the disease. It is seen that physiological stress can also be a reason for the disease outbreak.
The symptom for the disease ECZEMA is that it generally dries the skin and causes it to itch or burn. The appearance of the infected skin may differ from person to person reason behind this is the type of ECZEMA the patient is having.
The disease often leads to blisters which secretes lesions. It can also occur in dry skin, itching on the skin repeatedly can produce skin thickening and crusty skin. The disease can affect any part of the body in children and grown ups. The most common affected area in children is the cheeks, forehead, neck, and scalp. Legs and forearms can also be affected. The most common affected areas of the adults are the inner portions of the knees, elbows, ankle, face and neck.
To diagnose this disease doctors goes in for a thorough skin check up. The affected skin may also look like some other skin disease in that case Skin biopsy is recommended. Allergy test or skin patch test is recommended in some of the cases to eliminate the confusion between other skin diseases.
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